There were a total of 6.8m tickets issued in 2011 – a 4% rise, with one handed out every 4.6 seconds, the statistics showed. Money raised totalled more than £234m, according to the figures requested by insurance company swiftcover.com. At the same time, the number of wardens fell from 3,882 in 2010 to 3,693 in 2011.
One in four tickets was disputed, with those appealing having a 39% success rate.
Outside the capital, the largest number of fines handed out last year was by Liverpool City Council (more than 146,000), ahead of Manchester City Council (more than 138,000) and Birmingham City Council (nearly 133,000).
On average, 74,257 fines were handed out by each local council last year, compared to 72,367 in 2010. The busiest traffic wardens were in Liverpool, handing out an average of 2,616 parking fines each in 2011, followed by those in Coventry (2,220) and Worcester (2,125). This compared to just 296 fines per warden in 2011 in Sunderland.
As a result of the higher numbers of fines, there was also an increase in disputes by motorists. In 2010, 1,677,043 parking ticket disputes were lodged with local councils and Transport for London, while in 2011 the figure rose to 1,758,571 – or 146,547 each month.
However, the success rate of these challenges fell from 47% (780,710 tickets overturned) in 2010 to 39% (683,218 tickets overturned) in 2011.
Success rates in disputed cases vary dramatically by local council, from as few as 11% in Bradford, to 72% in Chichester in West Sussex. A total of 36% of Manchester motorists who disputed a ticket were successful, while 41% of challenges were upheld in Birmingham.
Robin Reames, chief claims officer at swiftcover.com, said: "Shortage of parking has become a huge issue in towns and cities across the UK in the past five to 10 years. However, this doesn't excuse illegal parking."
Local government minister Bob Neill said: "There is no excuse for town halls using parking fines and motorists as cash cows. There are plenty of other ways for councils to raise extra income or make savings like better procurement and sharing back-office services.
"We want to see councils use parking to support the high street and help their local shops prosper. That's why we have ended the last government's requirements
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